Firewall logs provide a wealth of information about a network. They can be used to identify devices, troubleshoot policies, and even help determine the impact of a cyber attack. Graylog is a powerful open source log collection and analysis platform that is well-suited for managing firewall logs. This guide explains how to create a production-ready single node Graylog instance with bidirectional authentication to the firewalls, and how it can be used to analyze FortiGate firewall logs with premade dashboards.
Business Email Compromise (BEC) attacks are easy, cheap, and often very effective. This high Return on Investment makes BEC an extremely popular with attackers of any skill level—from low-level scammers to state-sponsored groups. BEC occurs when an attacker is able to access an email inbox within a business. From there, an attacker examine sensitive emails, insert themselves into email threads, and spread phishing emails from the trusted email account. While BEC can be devastating to the finances, reputation, and operations of any business, small businesses are particularly vulnerable. Fortunately. the defenses against BEC such as multi-factor authentication and user training are also simple, cheap and effective.
This article was last updated on 2022-01-03.
After several Log4j vulnerabilities (known as Log4shell or LogJam in the tech press) were publicly exposed, IT teams around the globe have been rushing to patch all of their applications against the flaws. Log4j is an very popular open source software library for implementing logging in Java applications. The first discovered flaw, tracked as CVE-2021-44228, allows logged data to include remote lookup that would then download and execute arbitrary code from a remote server, which is known as a Remote Code Execution (RCE) vulnerability. Many security tools such as Splunk, Graylog, Autopsy, and Ghidra use Log4j to generate usage and diagnostic logs.
Tools commonly used by information security professionals to investigate breaches could be leveraged to cause a security breach.
Volatility is a powerful memory forensics tool. This guide will show you how to install Volatility 2 and Volatility 3 on Debian and Debian-based Linux distributions, such as Ubuntu and Kali Linux.
DNS describes the structure of resources on the internet. It can provide lots of valuable information about (attacker or target) infrastructure. However, in order to query DNS records, you must already know the exact domains or subdomains to query. When examining unknown infrastructure, this is not practical. On top of that, DNS records can change often, so historical information is lost. Passive DNS databases help solve both of these problems. Farsight Security DNSDB is the largest passive DNS database in the world. With DNSDB, you can answer questions like “How has this network infrastructure changed over time?”, “What other domains and subdomain point (or have pointed to) this IP address?”, “What are the subdomains and resource records for this domain?”
The Domain Name System (DNS) is best known as the way domain names are converted into IP addresses that clients connect to, but there are many other uses for DNS. Read on to learn more.
Recently I analyzed a credential harvesting page with some interesting characteristics that made a great teaching moment. In this post, I’ll go over how I used the developer tools built into Microsoft Edge to examine the credential harvesting page.
Based on published source code and conversations with the woman behind the Parler dump (donk_enby on Twitter), I can completely explain how the Parler data was acquired, and why it was legal. The story making the rounds on Reddit claiming that she somehow hacked Parler and got admin access is third-hand bad techno-madlibs fiction. What she actually did was reverse-engineer the protocol (API) used by the Parler iOS app to communicate with the website backend.
If you receive a fraudulent email, can be very useful to send a full forensic copy to an organization that is being spoofed, industry partners, and law enforcement.
When a user clicks forward in a mail client, the client copies the message’s content and attachments to a new message. The original message headers are not included.
In order to send a full forensic sample that includes the original message headers, the original message must be sent as an attachment in a new message. The process for doing this varies by mail client.
Email headers contain very useful information for tracing a message’s origin and troubleshooting its delivery. Email headers are written with the oldest headers at the bottom, and the newest headers at the top. By reading the headers in the correct order, you can see how the message was passed from one mail server to another, and the actions each mail server took along the way.
Most email clients have a function to display a message’s headers. The exact steps depends on the client.