How to comply with Google and Yahoo’s requirements for bulk email senders

An image generated by the Midjourney AI 6.0 alpha model using the prompt: An envelope sealed with a wax seal embossed with the word "DMARC"

To help protect their customers from malicious and junk emails, Google and Yahoo have announced that they will begin to enforce additional requirements for emails from bulk email senders in February 2024. Failure to meet these requirements will result in emails being placed in the spam folder instead of the inbox, or possibly not being delivered at all. This includes both personal and business inboxes. Other email providers are expected to follow suit, so any application that sends email should work towards adhering to these requirements, regardless of recipients or message volume.

Update: Google has begun to reject messages from bulk senders that do not comply with authentication requirements.

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How to create a single-node Graylog instance and analyze FortiGate logs

A screenshot of the Application Control dashboard included in the FortiGate Syslog Content Pack for Graylog

Firewall logs provide a wealth of information about a network. They can be used to identify devices, troubleshoot policies, and even help determine the impact of a cyber attack. Graylog is a powerful open source log collection and analysis platform that is well-suited for managing firewall logs. This guide explains how to create a production-ready single node Graylog instance with bidirectional authentication to the firewalls, and how it can be used to analyze FortiGate firewall logs with premade dashboards.

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Business Email Compromise prevention and response

An illustration of a phishing attack

Business Email Compromise (BEC) attacks are easy, cheap, and often very effective. This high Return on Investment makes BEC an extremely popular with attackers of any skill level—from low-level scammers to state-sponsored groups. BEC occurs when an attacker is able to access an email inbox within a business. From there, an attacker examine sensitive emails, insert themselves into email threads, and spread phishing emails from the trusted email account. While BEC can be devastating to the finances, reputation, and operations of any business, small businesses are particularly vulnerable. Fortunately. the defenses against BEC such as multi-factor authentication and user training are also simple, cheap and effective.

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SEIMs and Other Forensic Tools Vulnerable to Log4j Exploits

The Auopsy, Ghidra, Graylog, Log4j, and Splunk logos

This article was last updated on 2022-01-03.

After several Log4j vulnerabilities (known as Log4shell or LogJam in the tech press) were publicly exposed, IT teams around the globe have been rushing to patch all of their applications against the flaws. Log4j is an very popular open source software library for implementing logging in Java applications. The first discovered flaw, tracked as CVE-2021-44228, allows logged data to include remote lookup that would then download and execute arbitrary code from a remote server, which is known as a Remote Code Execution (RCE) vulnerability. Many security tools such as Splunk, Graylog, Autopsy, and Ghidra use Log4j to generate usage and diagnostic logs.

Tools commonly used by information security professionals to investigate breaches could be leveraged to cause a security breach.

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How to use Farsight Security’s DNSDB to harness the power of passive DNS

The logo of Farsight Security, makers of the DNSDB passive DNS service

DNS describes the structure of resources on the internet. It can provide lots of valuable information about (attacker or target) infrastructure. However, in order to query DNS records, you must already know the exact domains or subdomains to query. When examining unknown infrastructure, this is not practical. On top of that, DNS records can change often, so historical information is lost. Passive DNS databases help solve both of these problems. Farsight Security DNSDB is the largest passive DNS database in the world. With DNSDB, you can answer questions like “How has this network infrastructure changed over time?”, “What other domains and subdomain point (or have pointed to) this IP address?”, “What are the subdomains and resource records for this domain?”

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How the Parler data was legally acquired by activists

The logo of Parler

Based on published source code and conversations with the woman behind the Parler dump (donk_enby on Twitter), I can completely explain how the Parler data was acquired, and why it was legal. The story making the rounds on Reddit claiming that she somehow hacked Parler and got admin access is third-hand bad techno-madlibs fiction. What she actually did was reverse-engineer the protocol (API) used by the Parler iOS app to communicate with the website backend.

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How to forward a forensic copy of an email as an attachment

If you receive a fraudulent email, can be very useful to send a full forensic copy to an organization that is being spoofed, industry partners, and law enforcement.

When a user clicks forward in a mail client, the client copies the message’s content and attachments to a new message. The original message headers are not included.

In order to send a full forensic sample that includes the original message headers, the original message must be sent as an attachment in a new message. The process for doing this varies by mail client.

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