June 5, 2018 12:26 am
| On
June 5, 2018 12:26 am

How to compile and install FFmpeg 4.0 on Debian/Ubuntu

By Sean Whalen

Here’s how to build and install FFmpeg 4.0 from source with all the bells and whistles (i.e codec support).  We’ll install it as a custom Debian package using checkinstall. That way, any other package that depends on the ffmpeg package will recognize that it is already installed, and won’t try to fetch it from the Debian or Ubuntu software repositories.

Install the dependencies

sudo apt-get -y install build-essential autoconf automake cmake libtool git \
checkinstall

mkdir ffmpegtemp
cd ffmpegtemp

mkdir aom
cd aom
git clone https://aomedia.googlesource.com/aom
cmake aom/
make
sudo checkinstall -y --deldoc=yes
cd

sudo apt-get -y install build-essential autoconf automake cmake libtool git \
checkinstall nasm yasm libass-dev libfreetype6-dev libsdl2-dev libtool \
libva-dev libvdpau-dev libvorbis-dev libxcb1-dev libxcb-shm0-dev \
libxcb-xfixes0-dev pkg-config texinfo wget zlib1g-dev libchromaprint-dev \
frei0r-plugins-dev gnutls-dev ladspa-sdk libcaca-dev libcdio-paranoia-dev \
libcodec2-dev libfontconfig1-dev libfreetype6-dev libfribidi-dev libgme-dev \
libgsm1-dev libjack-dev libmodplug-dev libmp3lame-dev libopencore-amrnb-dev \
libopencore-amrwb-dev libopenjp2-7-dev libopenmpt-dev libopus-dev \
libpulse-dev librsvg2-dev librubberband-dev librtmp-dev libshine-dev \
libsmbclient-dev libsnappy-dev libsoxr-dev libspeex-dev libssh-dev \
libtesseract-dev libtheora-dev libtwolame-dev libv4l-dev libvo-amrwbenc-dev \
libvorbis-dev libvpx-dev libwavpack-dev libwebp-dev libx264-dev libx265-dev \
libxvidcore-dev libxml2-dev libzmq3-dev libzvbi-dev liblilv-dev libmysofa-dev \
libopenal-dev opencl-dev

Install the non-free dependencies too, if you want to convert decrypted Blu-Ray content:

sudo apt-get -y install libbluray-dev libfdk-aac-dev

Download and extract the FFmpeg 4.0 source code

wget https://ffmpeg.org/releases/ffmpeg-4.0.tar.bz2
tar -xf ffmpeg-4.0.tar.bz2
rm ffmpeg-4.0.tar.bz2
cd ffmpeg-4.0

Configure the build

With free dependencies only

./configure --enable-gpl --enable-version3 --disable-static \
--enable-shared --enable-small--enable-avisynth --enable-chromaprint \
--enable-frei0r --enable-gmp --enable-gnutls --enable-ladspa \
--enable-libaom --enable-libass --enable-libcaca --enable-libcdio \
--enable-libcodec2 --enable-libfontconfig --enable-libfreetype \
--enable-libfribidi --enable-libgme --enable-libgsm --enable-libjack \
--enable-libmodplug --enable-libmp3lame --enable-libopencore-amrnb \
--enable-libopencore-amrwb --enable-libopencore-amrwb \
--enable-libopenjpeg --enable-libopenmpt --enable-libopus --enable-libpulse \
--enable-librsvg --enable-librubberband --enable-librtmp --enable-libshine \
--enable-libsmbclient --enable-libsnappy --enable-libsoxr --enable-libspeex \
--enable-libssh --enable-libtesseract --enable-libtheora \
--enable-libtwolame --enable-libv4l2 --enable-libvo-amrwbenc \
--enable-libvorbis --enable-libvpx --enable-libwavpack --enable-libwebp \
--enable-libx264 --enable-libx265 --enable-libxvid --enable-libxml2 \
--enable-libzmq --enable-libzvbi --enable-lv2 --enable-libmysofa \
--enable-openal --enable-opencl --enable-opengl --enable-libdrm

Or, including non-free

./configure --enable-gpl --enable-version3 --disable-static \
--enable-shared --enable-small --enable-avisynth --enable-chromaprint \
--enable-frei0r --enable-gmp --enable-gnutls --enable-ladspa \
--enable-libaom --enable-libass --enable-libcaca --enable-libcdio \
--enable-libcodec2 --enable-libfontconfig --enable-libfreetype \
--enable-libfribidi --enable-libgme --enable-libgsm --enable-libjack \
--enable-libmodplug --enable-libmp3lame --enable-libopencore-amrnb \
--enable-libopencore-amrwb --enable-libopencore-amrwb \
--enable-libopenjpeg --enable-libopenmpt --enable-libopus --enable-libpulse \
--enable-librsvg --enable-librubberband --enable-librtmp --enable-libshine \
--enable-libsmbclient --enable-libsnappy --enable-libsoxr --enable-libspeex \
--enable-libssh --enable-libtesseract --enable-libtheora \
--enable-libtwolame --enable-libv4l2 --enable-libvo-amrwbenc \
--enable-libvorbis --enable-libvpx --enable-libwavpack --enable-libwebp \
--enable-libx264 --enable-libx265 --enable-libxvid --enable-libxml2 \
--enable-libzmq --enable-libzvbi --enable-lv2 --enable-libmysofa \
--enable-openal --enable-opencl --enable-opengl --enable-libdrm \
--enable-nonfree --enable-libfdk-aac --enable-libbluray

Build

make

Purge any existing package installation

sudo apt-get -y purge ffmpeg "libav*" " libpostproc*"
sudo apt-get -y autoremove

Install your custom FFmpeg build as a package

sudo checkinstall -y --deldoc=yes --pkgversion=10:4.0
cd ..
rm -rf ffmpegtemp

This post was last modified on July 7, 2018 2:19 pm

Sean Whalen

Sean Whalen is an Information Security Engineer in the healthcare industry, and founder of the InfoSec Speakeasy, specializing in intelligence and malware analysis. Previously, he worked as an intelligence analyst in the defense industry. He has a passion for open source software, and sci-fi.

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  • This saved my life. Thanks

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  • this doesn't work for debian 8
    ges/mysite/Build/aom# cmake aom/
    CMake Error at CMakeLists.txt:11 (cmake_minimum_required):
    CMake 3.5 or higher is required. You are running version 3.0.2

    -- Configuring incomplete, errors occurred!

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  • I tried this on an Ubuntu 18.04 and during the Build stage, the make fails:
    -=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-
    CC libavcodec/lclenc.o
    CC libavcodec/libaomdec.o
    CC libavcodec/libaomenc.o
    libavcodec/libaomenc.c:703:109: error: ‘AOM_ERROR_RESILIENT_PARTITIONS’ undeclared here (not in a function); did you mean ‘AOM_ERROR_RESILIENT_DEFAULT’?
    " is still done over the partition boundary.", 0, AV_OPT_TYPE_CONST, {.i64 = AOM_ERROR_RESILIENT_PARTITIONS}, 0, 0, VE, "er"},
    ^~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
    AOM_ERROR_RESILIENT_DEFAULT
    ffbuild/common.mak:60: recipe for target 'libavcodec/libaomenc.o' failed
    make: *** [libavcodec/libaomenc.o] Error 1
    -=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-
    Just thought I would pass it on.

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  • Even after apply the patch I cannot get to compile

    /usr/bin/ld: /usr/local/lib/libaom.a(aom_config.c.o): relocation R_X86_64_32 against `.rodata.str1.8' can not be used when making a shared object; recompile with -fPIC
    /usr/local/lib/libaom.a: error adding symbols: Bad value
    collect2: error: ld returned 1 exit status
    ffbuild/library.mak:102: recipe for target 'libavcodec/libavcodec.so.58' failed
    make: *** [libavcodec/libavcodec.so.58] Error 1

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    • I solved this compile error with adding the PIC compile flag to the aom library, try this patch in directory ffmpegtemp/aom/aom:

      diff --git a/build/cmake/compiler_flags.cmake b/build/cmake/compiler_flags.cmake
      index 79192c1fa..ec8d214a5 100644
      --- a/build/cmake/compiler_flags.cmake
      +++ b/build/cmake/compiler_flags.cmake
      @@ -17,6 +17,9 @@ include(CheckCCompilerFlag)
      include(CheckCXXCompilerFlag)
      include("${AOM_ROOT}/build/cmake/compiler_tests.cmake")

      +set(AOM_EXTRA_C_FLAGS "-fPIC")
      +
      # Strings used to cache flags.
      set(AOM_C_FLAGS)
      set(AOM_CXX_FLAGS)

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    • Tried using the latest snapshot, exactly the same issue.

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  • When I'm trying to compile ffmpeg, I have this error

    nasm/yasm not found or too old. Use --disable-x86asm for a crippled build.

    If you think configure made a mistake, make sure you are using the latest
    version from Git. If the latest version fails, report the problem to the
    ffmpeg-user@ffmpeg.org mailing list or IRC #ffmpeg on irc.freenode.net.
    Include the log file "ffbuild/config.log" produced by configure as this will help
    solve the problem.

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    • I ran into this problem as well. After I ran this I got farther:
      sudo apt install nasm

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